Oil majors’ exploration returns predicted to rise


The world’s largest oil and fuel corporations are predicted to make double-digit returns on exploration for the primary time in 5 years in 2017, helped by decrease prices and a give attention to extra promising areas.

The downturn in oil costs — they’ve greater than halved since hitting $one hundred fifteen a barrel in mid-2014 — has battered the power majors’ stability sheets and share costs, forcing them to scale back prices and reconfigure their enterprise plans and funding methods.

New knowledge from Wooden Mackenzie exhibits after years of solely single-digit returns, massive oil and fuel gamers akin to Royal Dutch Shell, Eni and Complete, will generate an inner fee of return of greater than 10 per cent in 2017 from exploration. That is the power consultancy’s threshold of profitability.

“Exploration prices have halved and improvement prices are additionally a lot decreased,” stated Andrew Latham, vice-president of exploration at Wooden Mackenzie. “In the meantime, smaller budgets are targeted on exploration performs with simpler routes to commercialisation.”

That has led to a dramatic fall in exploration spending, from $95bn in 2014 to $40bn this yr, in response to Wooden Mackenzie. An extra slide is predicted in 2017, to $37bn — the bottom in 12 years.

A push in the direction of a smaller, extra environment friendly business has led to an enormous drop in exploration’s share of upstream capital expenditure, from thirteen per cent in 2014 to 9 per cent this yr. A brand new low of eight per cent is forecast for 2017.

Except for an earnings increase, a return to profitability reduces reliance on other ways of securing provide, corresponding to by way of mergers and acquisitions.

However like different international power teams, Wooden Mackenzie believes a pullback in exploration and a drop in funding in future manufacturing is storing up issues, specifically a provide scarcity and a worth spike from 2019 onwards.

Fatih Birol, government director of the Worldwide Power Company, stated final month a 3rd consecutive annual decline in capital expenditure by oil producers in 2017 can be the longest funding downturn in business historical past.

“We’re getting into a interval of nice oil worth volatility,” Mr Birol stated. The equal of Iraq’s annual oil manufacturing must be added to international provides each two years merely to switch the decline in present reserves.

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Unfold betting is for gamblers, not buyers


“I can calculate the motion of the celebs, however not the insanity of males”. This quote, ascribed to Sir Isaac Newton after he misplaced a fortune within the South Sea Bubble, got here to thoughts this week amid the regulatory clampdown on the unfold betting business.

The Monetary Conduct Authority is worried that many people don’t perceive the dangers of utilizing contracts for distinction (CFDs) on on-line buying and selling platforms. Primarily a method of betting on the inventory market, CFDs let you speculate on the longer term worth motion of something from the FTSE one hundred to particular person shares or currencies with a number of faucets on a smartphone. Tempted to have a punt?

What if I informed you that eighty two per cent of individuals taking out such contracts ended up making a loss? The FCA made this calculation by way of a pattern of business knowledge. That may be a staggering quantity — however right here’s one other. The typical outcome, per shopper, was a lack of £2,200.

Studying this, you may assume “nicely, you’ll be able to’t legislate for stupidity”. However what considerations me about this regulatory battle is how straightforward it’s turning into to interchange the phrases “investing” and “playing”.

As CFDs are sometimes leveraged trades, it’s potential to make huge bets with a comparatively small sum of money in your shopper account. Simply as a magnifying glass can focus the facility of the solar’s rays, in case you get it proper, you may win massive. However get it mistaken, and you may be frazzled like an ant, your losses will even be magnified and you may find yourself owing the platform far more than your unique stake.

The FCA has raised “vital conduct considerations” concerning the quantity of leverage being provided – some companies supply in extra of 200:1, however it will possibly go as excessive as 500:1 — saying this will result in “speedy, giant and sudden losses”. It proposes that leverage must be capped at 25:1 for inexperienced merchants, rising to a most of fifty:1 for the extra refined. Additionally it is consulting on beefing up danger warnings and larger disclosure of revenue-loss ratios.

This isn’t the primary piece of analysis to exhibit how straightforward it’s to lose cash utilizing CFDs, nor will it’s the final. However simply as Newton discovered, the statistics are trumped by human greed. Even confronted with such steep odds, individuals can psych themselves into believing they’re the “particular one”, able to predicting future market actions, or profitable the lottery.

Regulators may describe them as “retail buyers”, as speculating on market actions varieties the idea of their trades, however the place does investing finish and playing start? All of it comes right down to your evaluation of danger. For instance, I wouldn’t borrow cash to guess on a horse. However I’ve borrowed some huge cash to purchase a home.

The identical applies to investing. When used appropriately, investing on the inventory market is a wealth-creating engine for our lengthy-time period financial savings. When used incorrectly, it’s little greater than a on line casino. No type of investing is ever danger-free, however neither is staying totally in money. Inflation will eat away at your financial savings, and additionally, you will lose the precious advantages of your reinvested dividends compounding over time (that’s one magnification impact I’m comfortable to expertise).

In fact, not each brief-time period dealer is unaware of the dangers. Many FT Cash readers will use unfold betting as a way of shorting shares, hedging danger in funding portfolios, or as a tax-environment friendly means of buying and selling (these are by-product trades, so that you by no means truly personal the underlying belongings). The FCA’s leverage cap proposals gained’t forestall you from doing so in future — however if you wish to reply to the session, go to the regulator’s web site.

Nevertheless, the voices which might be largely absent from this dialogue are those that have misplaced cash. The Monetary Ombudsman acquired seventy nine complaints towards unfold betting corporations from April to September 2016, with misunderstanding of the dangers concerned being the central theme. Given the FCA’s pattern knowledge, I’m stunned it wasn’t larger.

What considerations me is how many individuals I meet who consider that any type of investing is like playing on a on line casino. This yr, FT Cash teamed up with assume tank Britain Thinks to research why extra ladies weren’t buyers. At our workshop, ladies informed us that they thought investing was “too dangerous” and nearly all of their financial savings — and lengthy-time period Junior Isas for his or her youngsters — have been totally in money. None of them, together with a maths instructor, knew what a dividend was.

At a few current occasions I’ve attended on this theme, I’ve requested the viewers to place up their palms if they might describe themselves as an investor. A number of palms sometimes go up. Then I ask them to boost their palms if they’ve a pension. Then we get a forest of palms.

You’re buyers too, I say. Until you’re fortunate sufficient to be a member of a ultimate wage scheme, you’ll want to remember that you’re liable for selecting the funds your organization pension is invested in and that the “default” choice will not be the only option.

Being an investor is about asking questions, assessing danger and having the arrogance to make selections (if needed, with recommendation) that may serve you properly in the long run. Something much less is a big gamble.

Claer Barrett is the editor of FT Cash; claer.barrett@ft.com; Twitter: @Claerb

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US provides worth over UK — fund chief Woolnough


London is turning into “much less related” as a capital markets hub, because it cedes affect to the US within the wake of Brexit, based on star bond fund supervisor Richard Woolnough.

Mr Woolnough, one of many UK’s highest paid fund managers, who oversees M&G Funding’s big Optimum Revenue, stated his firm’s current recruitment had been “biased increasingly” in the direction of the US.

He added that he’s within the course of of accelerating US holdings in his portfolio whereas decreasing UK publicity, because the UK’s capital markets turn into “much less necessary on the earth”.

“We’re a world agency . . . as a go-anyplace sort bond fund we need to go the place the curiosity is and that’s getting extra in the direction of the US,” he stated at an occasion to rejoice the tenth anniversary of the fund.

“As a worth investor in company bonds, what do I would like? I need to go the place there’s worth and fascinating issues for me to do,” stated Mr Woolnough. “And there’s extra worth and fascinating issues for me to do within the US than there’s within the UK and Europe.”

The UK’s vote to go away the EU will diminish Europe’s capability to compete with the US, he stated. “Europe is a unique place with out us in it, so it’s misplaced one of many nice supporters of monetary markets,” he stated.

Mr Woolnough stated he additionally anticipated companies to relocate to the US following each the UK referendum and the ascendancy of Donald Trump.

Mr Trump, US president-elect, has stated he’ll decrease company tax and permit companies to repatriate money at present held abroad. It will result in corporations issuing much less debt, stated Mr Woolnough, pushing up bond costs.

He added that corporations may additionally transfer to the US, which has “economies of scale” and will appeal to quick-rising begin-ups, notably within the know-how sector.

“If corporations delist from London due to Brexit — the UK’s inventory market is turning into much less the focus of capital around the globe,” he stated.

“The rationale London [has been] profitable is that it was the most important place 500 years in the past and it’s nonetheless the most important place . . . However what’s our tech business? If you wish to begin that you simply go to California,” he stated.

“If the most important firms are American then the individuals who service them are going to be in America.”

M&G’s Optimum Revenue fund, one among Europe’s largest, has shrunk from a excessive of roughly £30bn to £16bn at current. At occasions it has seen excessive volumes of outflows as buyers shortly pulled cash out, and it misplaced almost £3bn within the three months to the top of June in 2015. In 2016 the fund misplaced simply over £8bn within the yr to the top of August.

Analysts stated the outflows have been brought on by a brief-time period blip in efficiency as Mr Woolnough decided to shorten the bond period within the fund, decreasing sensitivity to rates of interest, in preparation for fee rises that didn’t materialise.

The fund, which is marketed globally, was the UK’s greatest-promoting retail fund in 2014, and stays one of many largest funds in Europe, in response to knowledge from Morningstar. It’s an unconstrained fund, permitting it to rove by way of international markets and in addition purchase equities. The fund has just lately established a small fairness holding for the primary time in two years.

Mr Woolnough is the highest-paid worker of Prudential, the insurer, incomes £15.4m in 2014 and £17.5m in 2013.

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On line casino shares plunge on report of Macau ATM withdrawal limits


Shares in on line casino operators plunged on Friday following a report that playing haven Macau is about to restrict ATM withdrawals by China UnionPay clients, elevating fears of a brand new entrance in China’s battle towards capital flight. 

China has moved in current weeks to staunch capital gushing from the mainland, together with tightening scrutiny of cross-border funding by Chinese language corporations and banning the acquisition of sure insurance coverage merchandise. In some instances, repatriation of income by overseas corporations has slowed.

A report by Hong Kong’s South China Morning Publish stated the every day withdrawal restrict for ATM withdrawals in Macau by clients of China UnionPay, China’s sole clearing home for financial institution card transactions, can be reduce to five,000 patacas ($625.89) from 10,000 patacas, efficient from Saturday.

China Unionpay stated on Friday that it had not modified its abroad withdrawal limits on mainland-issued playing cards, and that most was nonetheless 10,000 patacas. The Macau Financial Authority and the Individuals’s Financial institution of China declined to remark.

US-listed on line casino shares together with Wynn Resorts, Las Vegas Sands and Melco Crown Leisure fell by greater than 10 per cent — declines matched in Asia by Hong Kong-listed Galaxy Leisure, Sands China and MGM China. Crown Resorts, the Australian gaming and resorts firm managed by billionaire James Packer, misplaced as a lot as eight per cent in Sydney earlier than regaining some floor.

Restrictions on the sum of money that may be moved by way of Macau started with an anti-corruption marketing campaign launched by Chinese language president Xi Jinping, as the town was a well-liked technique of laundering sick-gotten cash. However just lately the main target has shifted from stopping corruption to reining in capital flight. 

This week, knowledge confirmed China’s overseas change reserves fell almost $70bn in November because the nation’s central financial institution defended the renminbi from steeper depreciation on the again of accelerating capital outflows.

However there are nonetheless choices for the artistic. People aren’t restricted in what number of financial institution playing cards they could carry and bank card transactions or pawning will not be affected, Morgan Stanley analyst Praveen Choudhary famous on Friday.

Twitter: @HornbyLucy

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Asia inventory markets combined after ECB’s QE tweak


Friday 02:10 GMT


Markets throughout Asia have been combined as buyers mirrored on report highs for Wall Road and the European Central Financial institution’s choice to tweak its asset buy programme.

Scorching matter

At its remaining coverage assembly for the yr, the ECB on Thursday stated it will proceed to purchase bonds underneath its quantitative easing programme past March 2017, however would sluggish purchases after March from €80bn a month to €60bn by means of the top of the yr.

The central financial institution insisted this was not a “taper” however it resulted in a wild experience for the euro — which surged to a 4-week intraday excessive of $1.0872 earlier than ending the session 1.three per cent weaker at $1.0615 — and a promote-off in European authorities bonds. In Asia, the euro was zero.2 per cent weaker at $1.0593.

What to observe

On line casino shares are underneath heavy strain following a report by Hong Kong’s South China Morning Submit that Macau is about to restrict the sum of money China UnionPay financial institution card holders can withdraw from ATMs within the territory, as Beijing steps up its battle towards capital outflows.

Macau is the one place in China the place casinos are authorized. The transfer would mark the newest step in Beijing’s lately ramped-up efforts to restrict capital fleeing the mainland.

On line casino shares within the US tumbled 10-12 per cent in a single day because the information broke, declines echoed by Macau-uncovered friends listed in Asia. Crown Resorts was down as a lot as eight per cent in Sydney, whereas in Hong Kong, Galaxy Leisure, Sands China and MGM China every shed greater than 10 per cent.


Japan’s Topix was up zero.5 per cent, whereas Australia’s S&P/ASX 200 gained zero.three per cent. Hong Kong’s Grasp Seng slid zero.four per cent, weighed down by on line casino shares, whereas China’s Shanghai Composite added zero.three per cent.

That got here after the S&P rose zero.2 per cent in New York to shut at a recent document excessive, alongside new peaks for the Dow Jones Industrial Common, Nasdaq Composite and small-cap Russell 2000. It was the primary time this month the quartet had concurrently notched document finishes, having completed so for the primary time since 1999 in late November.

Foreign exchange

Weak spot within the euro in a single day helped the US greenback index publish its largest one-day achieve in virtually a month.

The greenback index was zero.2 per cent firmer on Friday at a hundred and one.28, in flip placing strain on main currencies round Asia. The Japanese yen was down zero.three per cent at ¥‎114.fifty one per greenback.

For market updates and remark comply with us on Twitter @FTMarkets

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Gina Rinehart group ropes in Kidman cattle ranch


Australia has accredited the sale of S Kidman & Co to a consortium led by mining tycoon Gina Rinehart and backed by Chinese language buyers, ending greater than a yr of wrangling over whether or not to permit overseas possession of the huge cattle station. 

Scott Morrison, Australia’s treasurer, stated on Friday that he had accredited Australian Outback Beef’s A$386.5m bid for the cattle firm, which controls land holdings greater than the dimensions of Eire. 

The profitable consortium is sixty seven per cent-owned by Ms Rinehart’s Hancock Beef Ltd with the rest held by Shanghai CRED Actual Property, a Chinese language group based by property developer Gui Goujie. 

“I’ve determined that the acquisition of Kidman as proposed wouldn’t be opposite to the nationwide curiosity and might be permitted to proceed,” stated Mr Morrison. “Australia welcomes overseas funding the place it’s in step with our nationwide pursuits.” 

He stated underneath the proposal the most important of the cattle stations within the Kidman Group, Anna Creek, and an adjoining outstation can be bought individually to Australian firm Williams Cattle, an area farming household with neighbouring properties. 

The sale of Anna Creek to the Williams household mitigated safety considerations over its proximity to a missile testing vary for the Australian defence forces, Mr Morrison stated.

The acquisition of Kidman as proposed wouldn’t be opposite to the nationwide curiosity and can be permitted to proceed

As a part of the deal, Australian Outback Beef has agreed to take a position A$19m within the Kidman enterprise, create 35 new jobs and improve herd measurement by 20,000, stated Mr Morrison. 

A wave of Chinese language funding in overseas housing, agriculture and public infrastructure belongings has generated public concern in lots of developed economies, together with Australia. Whereas Canberra says it nonetheless welcomes overseas funding, it has progressively tightened the principles.

In August Mr Morrison blocked two separate A$10bn-plus bids for the state-owned electrical energy distribution firm Ausgrid, from China State Grid Company and Hong Kong-based mostly Cheung Kong Infrastructure, citing nationwide safety considerations. 

Household-owned Kidman, based in 1899 by so-referred to as cattle king Sidney Kidman, controls pastoral leases of greater than one hundred,000 sq km of outback and owns roughly 185,000 cattle.

Final yr a proposed sale to Chinese language buyers, together with a consortium managed by personal firm Shanghai Pengxin, prompted Mr Morrison to intervene and declare formally that he would block any deal. 

He stated the sale of Anna Creek and an adjoining property to the Williams household meant the sale to Australian Outback Beef would improve the general proportion of Australian possession of Kidman properties, from sixty six.1 per cent to seventy four.7 per cent. 

Kidman is at present 33.9 per cent overseas-owned, with lots of its household shareholders based mostly within the UK.

Overseas buyers have been more and more drawn to Australia’s cattle business, the place beef costs are at document highs as a result of robust demand in Asia.

A number of of Australia’s richest individuals together with Ms Rinehart and Andrew Forrest, founding father of Fortescue, who each made their fortunes promoting iron ore to Asia, have invested within the sector.

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Oxford college fund boosted by £230m injection


Oxford Sciences Innovation, which commercialises science and know-how from Oxford college, has expanded its coffers to £580m in a brand new funding spherical, making it the most important personal college fund within the UK.

The £230m injection of capital has come primarily from Asian buyers, together with giant tech corporations who wished to stay nameless, and sovereign wealth funds, resembling Singapore’s Temasek.

The fund has backed roughly 20 begin-ups spun out from the college’s labs, together with Oxford Nanoimaging, Vaccitech and Oxford Stream — double the quantity they deliberate to fund a yr in the past.

“They discovered there’s extra scope for funding than that they had initially anticipated, so went again out to the market,” stated Ceri Thomas, of Oxford college.

The UK has 5 of the world’s prime 10 medical analysis universities, in accordance with Occasions Greater Schooling, and Oxford has been primary for the previous 5 years.

The burst of funding highlights the growing stream of personal capital into the UK’s educational sector to assist spin out analysis breakthroughs.

The £50m UCL Know-how Fund was arrange in January to spend money on mental property from College School London. In the identical month, the £40m Apollo Therapeutics Fund was created in collaboration with Cambridge, Imperial School London and UCL, with backing from AstraZeneca, GlaxoSmithKline and Johnson & Johnson.

These have joined others similar to Imperial Improvements, IP Group and Cambridge Innovation Capital which have been already lively on UK campuses.

Cambridge Innovation Capital lately added £75m to its fund forward of a deliberate flotation, whereas Neil Woodford, Britain’s greatest recognized fund supervisor, spent £eleven.6m to take a 22 per cent stake in Imperial School’s offshoot fund, Imperial Improvements.

“Elevating this capital displays our confidence within the breadth and high quality of alternative obtainable to buyers to assist the College of Oxford develop a world-class business ecosystem round its unmatched mental capital and heritage,” stated Peter Davies, chair of OSI.

“We’re additionally very excited to be working with new shareholders from the world over, notably from Asia and continental Europe, and grateful to our unique supporters, the ten largest of which have participated on this funding spherical.”

Deep know-how begin-ups have been notably engaging targets for Asian buyers: telecommunications, media and know-how accounted for nearly a 3rd of Chinese language funding into the UK final yr, in accordance with consultants Grant Thornton.

Tencent, the Chinese language web group, as an example, invested in two British corporations in 2015, mapping begin-up Sensewhere and gaming firm Miniclip. In October, Chinese language state-backed fund CSC Group helped fund a multimillion pound synthetic intelligence incubator in London.

“We need to keep the UK’s place as a world chief in analysis, which is strictly why our upcoming industrial technique will place science and innovation at its core, serving to companies throughout this burgeoning sector thrive,” stated Jo Johnson, the UK minister of state for universities, science, analysis and innovation. “This funding is an extra vote of confidence in Britain’s world-class analysis sector and can present an actual increase to native companies as they develop new applied sciences.”

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Lawsuit accuses Fb director of disloyalty


Two of Silicon Valley’s most outstanding leaders, Mark Zuckerberg and Marc Andreessen, have been accused of co-working behind the scenes to prioritise the Fb founder’s management over the corporate on the expense of odd buyers.

Shareholders suing the social community over its introduction of a 3rd class of shares accused Mr Andreessen of “beautiful” disloyalty after textual content messages between the board member and the Fb founder and chief government have been revealed in a deposition on the Delaware Courtroom of Chancery.

The plaintiffs argue the reclassification of the inventory was a “self- agglomeration of energy”. They declare the method to determine whether or not Mr Zuckerberg ought to be granted the brand new class, which allows him to maintain management of the corporate whereas promoting down his stake to fund charitable works, was “severely compromised” by the committee overseeing the choice, on which Mr Andreessen sat, and the corporate’s authorized and monetary advisers.

Fb’s legal professionals argue that the “critical costs” towards Mr Andreessen, bankers Morgan Stanley and legal professionals Wachtell Lipton are “false” and “won’t stand up to publicity to the proof”. Particularly, they criticise the plaintiffs for assuming that Mr Andreessen was not authorised to debate the proposal with Mr Zuckerberg.

A Fb spokesperson stated the corporate was “assured that the particular committee engaged in a radical and truthful course of to barter a proposal in one of the best pursuits of Fb and its shareholders”. A consultant for Mr Andreessen didn’t remark. The lawsuit was first reported by Bloomberg.

When the committee determined to grant Mr Zuckerberg permission to pursue the change, which might inevitably move a shareholder vote as a result of Mr Zuckerberg had the majority of voting rights, Mr Andreessen texted the Fb CEO: “The cat’s within the bag and the bag’s within the river.” Mr Zuckerberg appeared to misconceive the metaphor, asking: “Does that imply the cat’s lifeless?” to which Mr Andreessen replied: “Mission Completed”.

The plaintiffs are arguing that the particular committee didn’t correctly characterize the needs of sophistication A shareholders, these with the least voting rights, or think about whether or not they need to obtain monetary compensation as their shares may now commerce at a reduction. The shareholders pursuing the lawsuit argue that when an identical construction was launched at Google, it led to the shares with fewer voting rights buying and selling at a lower cost.

Different textual content messages found within the deposition seem to point out Mr Andreessen holding Mr Zuckerberg updated on the discussions inside the committee, each by arranging calls earlier than vital conferences and texting throughout a convention name to discourage Mr Zuckerberg from some methods. “This line of argument isn’t serving to. They’re each genuinely making an attempt to get to the fitting reply. THIS is the important thing matter. Agree NOW WE’RE COOKING WITH GAS,” he texted.

The plaintiffs additionally argue that the particular committee was not proven monetary evaluation ready by Evercore that estimated the worth of management to Mr Zuckerberg was $6.5bn to $eight.7bn, or three to four per cent of Fb’s market worth, and recommended that compensating shareholders was an choice. The deposition exhibits modifications made between two variations of the presentation, which the plaintiffs argue made the slides “extra Zuckerberg pleasant”.

Fb is preventing towards requests to uncover extra paperwork topic to lawyer-shopper privilege. The corporate argues the requests characterize a “fishing expedition” by shareholders who are usually not alleging misconduct and who’ve solely “nominal” possession pursuits in Fb.

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Spotify abandons try to purchase SoundCloud


Spotify has deserted plans to accumulate rival SoundCloud, because the music streaming firm gears up for an IPO subsequent yr.

The businesses have been in superior talks on a deal in September, the FT reported, as Spotify seems to compete with Silicon Valley titans resembling Apple and Amazon within the aggressive streaming market.

Nevertheless, the deal has fallen by means of as a result of Spotify didn’t need to sluggish its path in the direction of a flotation with the prices and licensing agreements wanted to purchase SoundCloud, in accordance with somebody acquainted with the matter.

SoundCloud and Spotify declined to remark.

SoundCloud, which raised $100m in June from a gaggle of buyers together with Twitter, was final valued at about $700m.

This was not the primary time the rivals thought-about combining: Spotify had been in talks to purchase SoundCloud final spring and once more after Twitter purchased a stake within the firm. Nevertheless, the discussions finally fell aside as a result of the 2 couldn’t agree on a worth, stated individuals briefed on the matter.

Spotify is trying to shore up its funds and reorganise because it prepares for an IPO within the subsequent yr. The corporate has boosted its buyer base — which reached 40m paid subscribers in September — and diversified content material by way of video and podcasts.

It faces rising competitors from Apple Music, which this week stated it had scooped up 20m paying clients since launching 18 months in the past, and newcomers corresponding to Amazon.

SoundCloud’s power is the group of creators who constructed it, with an in depth catalogue of music, reminiscent of mixes, hip hop, digital dance music and DJ units. Nevertheless, regardless of its 200m-robust artistic group and 135m tracks, the Berlin-based mostly firm has by no means turned a revenue.

Spotify, valued at $eight.5bn in a current funding spherical, has additionally did not generate a revenue for 10 years, primarily due to its costly licensing offers. The corporate made a internet lack of €173m final yr, regardless of revenues surging to just about €2bn, as royalty and distribution charges jumped to €1.63bn.

The perennially lossmaking Spotify and SoundCloud spotlight the challenges confronted by unbiased music streamers, when Apple, Google and different giant tech corporations can outspend them on advertising and unique document label offers.

Whereas streaming has powered income progress within the recorded music business this yr for the primary time in many years, music labels carve out as much as eighty two per cent income share from streaming corporations as a part of licensing agreements with Spotify and others.

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Pierre Lagrange takes on advisory position at Man Group


Pierre Lagrange, a founding member of GLG, one of many oldest hedge funds in London, is stepping again from day-to-day oversight of its fairness funds to tackle a task as senior adviser to the executives of Man Group, its father or mother firm.

He’ll “spend extra time on his outdoors enterprise and philanthropic pursuits, while staying intently concerned” with the enterprise, Man chief government Luke Ellis informed buyers in a letter on Thursday.

Mr Lagrange is the final of the three GLG founders — Noam Gottesman, Jonathan Inexperienced and himself — to nonetheless work for the enterprise they inbuilt 1995. He had already stepped again from daily portfolio administration, appearing as a senior managing director overseeing the discretionary fairness funds at GLG.

Within the letter, Mr Ellis stated Mr Lagrange “is an distinctive entrepreneur and investor, bringing to bear his unparalleled expertise, real enthusiasm and openness to new approaches and applied sciences.” He’s additionally serving to in “driving higher use of know-how and quantitative methods inside a discretionary funding administration.”

The job change follows a administration shake-up on the largest publicly traded hedge fund group, whose former chief government, Emmanuel Roman, left to hitch Pimco earlier this yr.

His successor, Mr Ellis, promoted a number of executives after he took the reins, together with Jonathan Sorrell from CFO to president, Mark Jones from co-CEO of Man GLG to CFO, Sandy Rattray from the top of Man’s AHL quant methods to firm-extensive chief funding officer, and Robyn Grew from common counsel to chief administrative officer.

The group has struggled prior to now yr, with funds throughout the GLG discretionary unit and AHL’s quantitative funds reporting muted returns. Its share worth has fallen from about 163p a yr in the past to 114p at the moment.

Mr Sorrell is tasked with serving to to construct the group’s personal markets enterprise, which can embrace investing methods that lock up capital for longer than Man’s hedge funds, comparable to personal fairness, actual property and infrastructure. The group purchased Aalto Make investments, a US property supervisor, in October to assist construct that enterprise and scale back its reliance on single funds.

GLG, initially a unit of Lehman Brothers, was spun off in 2000. It expanded past equities in 2001 and listed on the New York Inventory Trade in 2007. It turned a part of Man when it was acquired in 2010.

Man GLG, which manages about $27bn, runs about 30 methods, half hedge and half lengthy-solely. It’s led by chief government Teun Johnston and chief funding officer Pierre-Henri Flamand.

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